Knowing your skin type and having a skincare routine is the first step in starting your skincare journey. But, most newbies in skincare prefer to copy what their favourite influencers are doing. It always seems more manageable than trying to understand all the jargon used in skincare products. The most common product mentioned around skincare is moisturizer and sunscreen. When it’s almost clear why you have to use sunscreens, moisturizers can be a little confusing.
There is even a debate on whether certain skin types need a moisturizer and, if they do, which one is the best for them.
A moisturizer helps in protecting and lubricating your skin because it needs moisture to repair itself. Moisturizing is the reason your skin stays young. A moisturized face doesn’t experience common skin problems like dryness or extreme oiliness.
Your skin has its oils, and applying a moisturizer helps seal in that moisture hence no exposure to dryness.
Your skincare routine should include cleansing for at least a minute to get a clean face. Once your face is clean, you can use a toner to help in balancing your skin’s ph. If possible, adding a vitamin c serum to your routine can help in repairing your skin.
After you have finished these steps, it’s now time for a moisturizer. A good moisturizer is going to seal that hydration. Moisturizers also help to balance your skin complexion.
Now that we know why we need a moisturizer, you need to understand what to look for in a moisturizer.
There are three types of moisturizers, and choosing the right one for your skin type is essential.
These are water-based, and they draw water into the top layer of the skin and keep it sealed. They hydrate the skin and are usually gel formulas.
Humectants include glycerol/glycerin, aloe vera, honey and hyaluronic acids.
They work well with all skin types, especially oily skin. Humectant moisturizers also work best in humid climates.
They are oil-based, but some can be water-based.
Emollients help to improve your skin texture, making it feel smoother by filling up spaces between skin cells that lack moisturizing lipids. These are your light cream or light lotions.
Emollients include lanolin, ceramides, squalane, shea butter, cocoa butter.
They work best for dry, normal and combination skin by making your skin appear younger as they reduce fine lines and wrinkles.
They are very thick in consistency and create a protective seal over your skin, hence no moisture loss. Think of your balms and heavy creams.
They are the heaviest moisturizers and can clog pores. You have to take specific precautions before using occlusive moisturizers.
One effective way to use them is to cleanse your face well and only apply them on clean face. It would also be advisable first to dampen your skin so the moisturizer can seal in that water.
If you suffer from eczema, occlusive moisturizers will work best for you.
Occlusive moisturizers contain lanolin, shea butter, petroleum, beeswax and olive oil.
Like humectants, all skin types can use them, but they work best for dry, dehydrated and mature skin.
Different formulas and consistencies work and feel better on different skin types. The general matches are listed below:
- Creams– Dry to combination skin type
- Gel – combination to oily skin type
- Liquid/lotion– combination skin type and, depending on the formulation, some oily skin types can use liquid/lotion type of moisturizers
Now that you understand moisturizers, please keep these points in mind to ensure you get the right one for your skin type. Thanks for reading!